glucosuria - ترجمة إلى العربية
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glucosuria - ترجمة إلى العربية

Glucosuria; Glycosuria, renal; Renal threshold of glucose; Urine glucose; Glucose in urine; Sugar in the urine

بِيلَةٌ غلُوكُوزِيَّة
‎ بِيلَةٌ غلُوكُوزِيَّة‎
بِيلَةٌ سُكَّرِيَّة


·noun A condition in which glucose is discharged in the urine; diabetes mellitus.



Glycosuria is the excretion of glucose into the urine. Ordinarily, urine contains no glucose because the kidneys are able to reabsorb all of the filtered glucose from the tubular fluid back into the bloodstream. Glycosuria is nearly always caused by elevated blood glucose levels, most commonly due to untreated diabetes mellitus. Rarely, glycosuria is due to an intrinsic problem with glucose reabsorption within the kidneys (such as Fanconi syndrome), producing a condition termed renal glycosuria. Glycosuria leads to excessive water loss into the urine with resultant dehydration, a process called osmotic diuresis.

Alimentary glycosuria is a temporary condition, when a high amount of carbohydrate is taken, it is rapidly absorbed in some cases where a part of the stomach is surgically removed, the excessive glucose appears in urine producing glycosuria.

Additionally, SGLT2 inhibitor medications ("gliflozins" or "flozins") produce glycosuria as their primary mechanism of action, by inhibiting sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 in the kidneys and thereby interfering with renal glucose reabsorption.