glutamic acid - ترجمة إلى العربية
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glutamic acid - ترجمة إلى العربية

GROUP OF STEREOISOMERS
Glutamate; Glutaminic Acid; Glutamic Acid; Glutamatergic system; Excitatory amino acid agents; L-Glutamic Acid; E620; Glutamateric; L-glutamate; Glutamate metabolism; D-glutamic acid; Glutamates; Aciglut; Glusate; Glutacid; Glutamicol; Glutamidex; Glutaminol; Glutaton; Glutamyl; Glutamatergic neurotransmission; Glutamic acid metabolism; Glutamic; Acidulin; Glutamic acids; Aminoglutaric acid; 2-Aminopentanedioic acid; 2-Aminoglutaric acid
  • The glutamate monoanion.

glutamic acid         
‎ حَمْضُ الغلوتاميك‎
aminoglutaric acid         
‎ حَمْضُ أَمينُو غلُوتاريك,حَمْضُ الغلُوتامِيك‎
glutamate         
‎ غلُوتامات‎

تعريف

glutamic acid
[glu:'tam?k]
¦ noun Biochemistry an acidic amino acid which is a constituent of many proteins.
Origin
C19: from gluten + amine + -ic.

ويكيبيديا

Glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E; the ionic form is known as glutamate) is an α-amino acid that is used by almost all living beings in the biosynthesis of proteins. It is a non-essential nutrient for humans, meaning that the human body can synthesize enough for its use. It is also the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate nervous system. It serves as the precursor for the synthesis of the inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in GABA-ergic neurons.

Its molecular formula is C
5
H
9
NO
4
. Glutamic acid exists in three optically isomeric forms; the dextrorotatory L-form is usually obtained by hydrolysis of gluten or from the waste waters of beet-sugar manufacture or by fermentation. Its molecular structure could be idealized as HOOC−CH(NH
2
)−(CH
2
)2−COOH, with two carboxyl groups −COOH and one amino group −NH
2
. However, in the solid state and mildly acidic water solutions, the molecule assumes an electrically neutral zwitterion structure OOC−CH(NH+
3
)−(CH
2
)2−COOH. It is encoded by the codons GAA or GAG.

The acid can lose one proton from its second carboxyl group to form the conjugate base, the singly-negative anion glutamate OOC−CH(NH+
3
)−(CH
2
)2−COO. This form of the compound is prevalent in neutral solutions. The glutamate neurotransmitter plays the principal role in neural activation. This anion creates the savory umami flavor of foods and is found in glutamate flavorings such as MSG. In Europe it is classified as food additive E620. In highly alkaline solutions the doubly negative anion OOC−CH(NH
2
)−(CH
2
)2−COO prevails. The radical corresponding to glutamate is called glutamyl.

أمثلة النطق لـ٪ 1
1. natural glutamic acid, or glutamate.
Lauren Toyota _ Hot For Food All Day _ Talks at Google
2. tongue for umami, for glutamic acid.
Lucky Peach _ David Chang & Peter Meehan _ Talks at Google
3. >>Dave: Glutamic acid, which equals umami.
Lucky Peach _ David Chang & Peter Meehan _ Talks at Google
4. so you can disperse the glutamic acid.
Lucky Peach _ David Chang & Peter Meehan _ Talks at Google
5. And MSG is closely related to glutamic acid, an amino acid that acts as a neurotransmitter
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أمثلة من مجموعة نصية لـ٪ 1
1. Having contained more than ten kinds of amino acid including glutamic acid, aspartic acid and praline, the ferment can be used as fodder additive in the field of poultry and stock–breeding.