Jan Hus - Übersetzung nach Englisch

Jan Hus - Übersetzung nach Englisch

John Huss; John Hus; Jan Huss; Hus, Jan; Johannes Hus; Johannes Huss; Paul Constantinus; Condemnation of Jan Hus
  • The last surviving copy of the famous protest of the Bohemian nobles against the burning of the religious reformer Jan Hus in 1415.
  • German or Austrian 16th Century. ''John Huss Centenary Medal'' [reverse] . Silver, 4.33 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Samuel H. Kress Collection
  • Jan Hus at the [[Council of Constance]]. 19th-century painting by [[Karl Friedrich Lessing]]
  • Jan Hus preaching, illumination from a Czech manuscript, 1490s
  • The monument in [[Konstanz]], where reformer Jan Hus was executed (1862)
  • The oldest-known representation of Jan Hus is from the Martinická Bible 1430.
  • Old Town Square]] in [[Prague]] built in 1915
  • stake]], Jena codex (c. 1500)
  • [[Jan Žižka]] leading troops of Hussites
  • Luther]] and Hus serving [[Communion under both kinds]] together, picture from 16th-century Saxony demonstrating the affinity of Lutherans with Hussites
  • Some two thousand of Hus's followers thrown into the [[Kutná Hora]] mines by pro-Catholic townsmen

Jan Hus         
n. Jan Hus, John Huss (1369?-1415), tschechoslowakischer Reformator und Martyr der exkommuniziert in 1409 und am Scheiterhaufen aufgrund von Kätzerei verbrannt
John Huss         
n. John Huss, Jan Hus (1369?-1415), tschechoslowakischer Reformator und Martyr der exkommuniziert in 1409 und am Scheiterhaufen aufgrund von Kätzerei verbrannt
Jan Gossaert         
  • ''[[Jean Carondelet]]''
  • The Holy Family, about 1507–1508
  • The Adoration of the Kings]]'', formerly at [[Castle Howard]], now at the [[National Gallery]]
  • Portrait of Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda
  • Jan Gossaert-self portrait (1515–1520). Collection of the [[Currier Museum of Art]], Manchester, New Hampshire
  • Three children of [[Christian II]] of Denmark 1526
Jan de Mabuse; Jan Mabusa; Jan De Mabuse; Gossaert; Jan Mabuse; Jan Gossart
n. Jan Gossaert, Jan de Mabuse (ca. 1475-1533), flämischer Maler


·noun One of intermediate order between angels and men.


Jan Hus

Jan Hus (; Czech: [ˈjan ˈɦus] (listen); c. 1370 – 6 July 1415), sometimes anglicized as John Hus or John Huss, and referred to in historical texts as Iohannes Hus or Johannes Huss, was a Czech theologian and philosopher who became a Church reformer and the inspiration of Hussitism, a key predecessor to Protestantism, and a seminal figure in the Bohemian Reformation. Hus is considered by some to be the first Church reformer, even though some designate the theorist John Wycliffe. His teachings had a strong influence, most immediately in the approval of a reformed Bohemian religious denomination and, over a century later, on Martin Luther. Hus was a master, dean and rector at the Charles University in Prague between 1409 and 1410.

Jan Hus was born in Husinec, Bohemia, to poor parents. In order to escape poverty, Hus trained for the priesthood. At an early age he traveled to Prague, where he supported himself by singing and serving in churches. His conduct was positive and, reportedly, his commitment to his studies was remarkable. After earning a Bachelor of Arts degree and being ordained as a priest, Hus began to preach in Prague. He opposed many aspects of the Catholic Church in Bohemia, such as their views on ecclesiology, simony, the Eucharist, and other theological topics.

When Alexander V was elected as a pope, he was persuaded to side with Bohemian Church authorities against Hus and his disciples. He issued a Papal bull that excommunicated Hus; however, it was not enforced, and Hus continued to preach. Hus then spoke out against Alexander V's successor, Antipope John XXIII, for his selling of indulgences. Hus's excommunication was then enforced, and he spent the next two years living in exile. When the Council of Constance assembled, Hus was asked to be there and present his views on the dissension within the Church. When he arrived, with a promise of safe conduct, he was immediately arrested and put in prison. He was eventually taken in front of the council and asked to recant his views. He replied, "I would not for a chapel of gold retreat from the truth!". When he refused, he was put back in prison. On 6 July 1415, he was burned at the stake for heresy against the doctrines of the Catholic Church. He could be heard singing Psalms as he was burning. Among his dying words, Hus predicted that God would raise others whose calls for reform would not be suppressed; this was later taken as a prophecy about Martin Luther (born 68 years after Hus's death).

After Hus was executed, the followers of his religious teachings (known as Hussites) refused to elect another Catholic monarch and defeated five consecutive papal crusades between 1420 and 1431 in what became known as the Hussite Wars. Both the Bohemian and the Moravian populations remained majority Hussite until the 1620s, when a Protestant defeat in the Battle of the White Mountain resulted in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown coming under Habsburg dominion for the next 300 years and being subject to immediate and forced conversion in an intense campaign of return to Catholicism.