Greece in the Balkan Wars - meaning and definition. What is Greece in the Balkan Wars
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What (who) is Greece in the Balkan Wars - definition

Greece in the Balkan Wars         
  • The [[Balkan League]] was formed in 1912 with Russian support.
  • Ethnographic map of the Balkans by A. Synvet and Lith.E Olivier, Constantinople, 1877
  • Greek war poster
  • Demonstration against the Sultan in Constantinople, 1908
  • Diagram by the French ''[[L'Illustration]]'', depicting the Greek and Ottoman fleets and the warships that participated in the [[Battle of Lemnos (1913)]]
The participation of Greece in the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913 is one of the most important episodes in modern Greek history, as it allowed the Greek state to almost double its size and achieve most of its present territorial size. It also served as a catalyst of political developments, as it brought to prominence two personalities, whose relationship would dominate the next decade and have long-lasting repercussions for Greece: the Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, and the Army's commander-in-chief, the Crown Prince and later King, Constantine I.
Balkan Wars         
  • Boundaries on the Balkans after the First and the Second Balkan War (1912–1913)
  • Territorial changes as a result of the First Balkan war, as of April 1913 showing the prewar agreed line of expansion between [[Serbia]] and [[Bulgaria]]
  • Greek lithograph of the [[Battle of Kilkis–Lachanas]]
  • [[Tirana]] [[Bazaar]] at the turn of the 20th century.
  • Bulgarian forces waiting to start their assault on [[Adrianople]]
  • The apple of discord: King [[George I of Greece]] and Tsar [[Ferdinand of Bulgaria]] at Thessaloniki, December 1912. Despite their alliance, Greco-Bulgarian antagonism over the city and Macedonia did not abate.
  • Ottoman provinces]].
  • Serbian propaganda poster, depicting King Alexander I beating the losing Bulgarian ruler.
  • [[Cholera]] was common among the soldiers of the combatant nations
  • Ottoman cannon captured by the [[Royal Serbian Army]] displayed in front of a church in [[Kumanovo]], 1912
Balkan War; Balkan wars; Turkish-Bulgarian War; Balkan war; Balkans war; The Balkan Wars; Balkan savaşları

The Balkan Wars refers to a series of two conflicts that took place in the Balkan States in 1912 and 1913. In the First Balkan War, the four Balkan States of Greece, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria declared war upon the Ottoman Empire and defeated it, in the process stripping the Ottomans of its European provinces, leaving only Eastern Thrace under the Ottoman Empire's control. In the Second Balkan War, Bulgaria fought against all four original combatants of the first war. It also faced an attack from Romania from the north. The Ottoman Empire lost the bulk of its territory in Europe. Although not involved as a combatant, Austria-Hungary became relatively weaker as a much enlarged Serbia pushed for union of the South Slavic peoples. The war set the stage for the Balkan crisis of 1914 and thus served as a "prelude to the First World War".

By the early 20th century, Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia had achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire, but large elements of their ethnic populations remained under Ottoman rule. In 1912, these countries formed the Balkan League. The First Balkan War began on 8 October 1912, when the League member states attacked the Ottoman Empire, and ended eight months later with the signing of the Treaty of London on 30 May 1913. The Second Balkan War began on 16 June 1913, when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its loss of Macedonia, attacked its former Balkan League allies. The combined forces of Serbian and Greek armies, with their superior numbers repelled the Bulgarian offensive and counter-attacked Bulgaria by invading it from the west and the south. Romania, having taken no part in the conflict, had intact armies to strike with and invaded Bulgaria from the north in violation of a peace treaty between the two states. The Ottoman Empire also attacked Bulgaria and advanced in Thrace regaining Adrianople. In the resulting Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria managed to regain most of the territories it had gained in the First Balkan War. However, it was forced to cede the ex-Ottoman south part of Dobruja province to Romania.

The Balkan Wars were marked by ethnic cleansing with all parties being responsible for grave atrocities against civilians and helped inspire later atrocities including war crimes during the 1990s Yugoslav Wars.

Journalists of the Balkan Wars         
List of journalists in Greece during the First Balkan War; Journalists of the First and Second Balkan Wars
This page lists the known war correspondents, war photographers, war artists, and war cinematographers who were active during the First and Second Balkan Wars.