ergative - meaning and definition. What is ergative
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What (who) is ergative - definition

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Ergative (disambiguation)

ergative         
An ergative verb is a verb that can be both transitive and intransitive, where the subject of the intransitive verb is the same as the object of the transitive verb. For example, 'open' is an ergative verb because you can say 'The door opened' or 'She opened the door'.
ADJ
Ergative case         
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GRAMMATICAL CASE THAT IDENTIFIES THE SUBJECT OF A TRANSITIVE VERB IN ERGATIVE–ABSOLUTIVE LANGUAGES
Ergativus; Ergative Case
In grammar, the ergative case (abbreviated ) is the grammatical case that identifies the noun as the agent of a transitive verb in ergative–absolutive languages.
Split ergativity         
FEATURE IN THE TYPOLOGY OF CERTAIN LANGUAGES
Split-ergative; Split ergative
In linguistic typology, split ergativity is a feature of certain languages where some constructions use ergative syntax and morphology, but other constructions show another pattern, usually nominative–accusative. The conditions in which ergative constructions are used varies among different languages.

Wikipedia

Ergative

The term ergative is used in grammar in three different meanings:

  • Ergative case, the grammatical case of the subject of a transitive verb in an ergative-absolutive language
  • Ergative–absolutive language, a language in which the subject of an intransitive verb behaves like the object of a transitive verb
  • Ergative verb, a verb whose subject when intransitive corresponds to its direct object when transitive