eugenics - meaning and definition. What is eugenics
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What (who) is eugenics - definition

A SET OF BELIEFS AND PRACTICES THAT AIM TO IMPROVE THE GENETIC QUALITY OF A HUMAN POPULATION, HISTORICALLY BY EXCLUDING PEOPLE AND GROUPS JUDGED TO BE INFERIOR AND PROMOTING THOSE JUDGED TO BE SUPERIOR
Eugenic; Eugenicist; Eugenics society; Eugenics Society; Eugenicists; 優生学; Eugenetics; Genetic cleansing; Racial hygienist; Old eugenics; Eugenism; Eugenics movement; Eugenist; Neoeugenics; Humanitarian eugenics; Ugenics; Science of eugenics; Modern eugenics; Racist eugenics; Newgenics; Eugenistic; Negative eugenics; Positive eugenics; List of people who supported eugenics; Criticism of eugenics; Pseudogenetics; Eugenicism
  • [[Schloss Hartheim]], a former center for Nazi Germany's [[Aktion T4]] campaign
  • Aryan]]" children from the extramarital relations of "racially pure and healthy" parents.
  • In the decades after [[World War II]], the term "eugenics" had taken on a negative connotation and as a result, the use of it became increasingly unpopular within the scientific community. Many organizations and journals that had their origins in the eugenics movement began to distance themselves from the philosophy which spawned it, as when ''Eugenics Quarterly'' was renamed ''Social Biology'' in 1969.
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  • [[G. K. Chesterton]], an opponent of eugenics, in 1909, by photographer Ernest Herbert Mills
  • [[Karl Pearson]] in 1912

eugenics         
[ju:'d??n?ks]
¦ plural noun [treated as sing.] the science of using controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics in a population.
Derivatives
eugenic adjective
eugenically adverb
eugenicist noun & adjective
eugenist noun & adjective
Origin
C19: from eu- + -gen + -ics.
eugenics         
Eugenics is the study of methods to improve the human race by carefully selecting parents who will produce the strongest children. (TECHNICAL)
N-UNCOUNT [disapproval]
Eugenics         
·noun The science of improving stock, whether human or animal.

Wikipedia

Eugenics

Eugenics ( yoo-JEN-iks; from Ancient Greek εύ̃ (eû) 'good, well', and -γενής (genḗs) 'come into being, growing') is a fringe set of beliefs and practices that aim to improve the genetic quality of a human population. Historically, eugenicists have attempted to alter human gene pools by excluding people and groups judged to be inferior or promoting those judged to be superior. In recent years, the term has seen a revival in bioethical discussions on the usage of new technologies such as CRISPR and genetic screening, with a heated debate on whether these technologies should be called eugenics or not.

The concept predates the term; Plato suggested applying the principles of selective breeding to humans around 400 BC. Early advocates of eugenics in the 19th century regarded it as a way of improving groups of people. In contemporary usage, the term eugenics is closely associated with scientific racism. Modern bioethicists who advocate new eugenics characterize it as a way of enhancing individual traits, regardless of group membership.

While eugenic principles have been practiced as early as ancient Greece, the contemporary history of eugenics began in the late 19th century, when a popular eugenics movement emerged in the United Kingdom, and then spread to many countries, including the United States, Canada, Australia, and most European countries. In this period, people from across the political spectrum espoused eugenic ideas. Consequently, many countries adopted eugenic policies, intended to improve the quality of their populations' genetic stock. Such programs included both positive measures, such as encouraging individuals deemed particularly "fit" to reproduce, and negative measures, such as marriage prohibitions and forced sterilization of people deemed unfit for reproduction. Those deemed "unfit to reproduce" often included people with mental or physical disabilities, people who scored in the low ranges on different IQ tests, criminals and "deviants", and members of disfavored minority groups.

The eugenics movement became associated with Nazi Germany and the Holocaust when the defense of many of the defendants at the Nuremberg trials of 1945 to 1946 attempted to justify their human-rights abuses by claiming there was little difference between the Nazi eugenics programs and the U.S. eugenics programs. In the decades following World War II, with more emphasis on human rights, many countries began to abandon eugenics policies, although some Western countries (the United States, Canada, and Sweden among them) continued to carry out forced sterilizations. Since the 1980s and 1990s, with new assisted reproductive technology procedures available, such as gestational surrogacy (available since 1985), preimplantation genetic diagnosis (available since 1989), and cytoplasmic transfer (first performed in 1996), concern has grown about the possible revival of a more potent form of eugenics after decades of promoting human rights.

A criticism of eugenics policies is that, regardless of whether negative or positive policies are used, they are susceptible to abuse because the genetic selection criteria are determined by whichever group has political power at the time. Furthermore, many criticize negative eugenics in particular as a violation of basic human rights, seen since 1968's Proclamation of Tehran, as including the right to reproduce. Another criticism is that eugenics policies eventually lead to a loss of genetic diversity, thereby resulting in inbreeding depression due to a loss of genetic variation. Yet another criticism of contemporary eugenics policies is that they propose to permanently and artificially disrupt millions of years of human evolution, and that attempting to create genetic lines "clean" of "disorders" can have far-reaching ancillary downstream effects in the genetic ecology, including negative effects on immunity and on species resilience.

Pronunciation examples for eugenics
1. history of eugenics.
Walter Isaacson _ The Code Breaker _ Talks at Google
2. I talked about eugenics,
ted-talks_2651_PaulKnoepfler_2015X-320k
3. as state-sponsored eugenics.
Walter Isaacson _ The Code Breaker _ Talks at Google
4. lately, too, eugenics.
Something That May Shock and Discredit You _ Daniel Mallory Ortberg _ Talks at Google
5. start getting into eugenics.
Jeff DeGraff, Staney DeGraff _ Talks at Google
Examples of use of eugenics
1. But a new eugenics –– the eugenics of genetic screening and abortion, the eugenics of genetic selection in the process of in vitro fertilization –– is alive and well.
2. The basic premise of eugenics, he writes, is still valid.
3. Revulsion against Nazi eugenics is deep and uncontroversial.
4. Bell sits at the heart of the American eugenics movement and Bruinius‘s book.
5. Its advocates contend that the new eugenics is superior because it is voluntary instead of compulsory, and unrelated to race.