merchant - meaning and definition. What is merchant
Online Dictionary

What (who) is merchant - definition

Merchants; Mercantile class; Commission Merchant; Commission merchant; Local trader
  • Costumes of merchants from Brabant and Antwerp, engraving by [[Abraham de Bruyn]], 1577
  • Katsushika Hokusai]].
  • Mediterranean port with Turkish merchants by [[Adriaen van der Kabel]], 1682
  • A scale or balance is often used to symbolise a merchant
  • [[Marco Polo]] was among the earliest European merchants to travel to the Orient, helping to open it up to trade in the 13th century
  • Merchants engaged in international trade began to develop a more outward-looking mindset
  • Wall painting from Pompeii depicting every day activities at a market-place
  • Umbricius Scaurus of Pompeii]]. The inscription which reads "G(ari) F(los) SCO(mbri) SCAURI EX OFFI(CI)NA SCAURI" has been translated as "The flower of garum, made of the mackerel, a product of Scaurus, from the shop of Scaurus"
  • Phoenician trade route map
  • Phoenician merchants traded across the entire Mediterranean region

Term often used in liner bills of lading to describe the shipper, receiver or consignee, bill of lading holder or the agent of any of these.
·noun A trading vessel; a merchantman.
II. Merchant ·vi To be a merchant; to Trade.
III. Merchant ·noun One who keeps a store or shop for the sale of goods; a shopkeeper.
IV. Merchant ·adj Of, pertaining to, or employed in, trade or merchandise; as, the merchant service.
V. Merchant ·noun One who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; a trafficker; a trader.
Trader (particularly a wholesale trader), tradesman, dealer.



A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people, especially one who trades with foreign countries. Historically, a merchant is anyone who is involved in business or trade. Merchants have operated for as long as industry, commerce, and trade have existed. In 16th-century Europe, two different terms for merchants emerged: meerseniers referred to local traders (such as bakers and grocers) and koopman (Dutch: koopman) referred to merchants who operated on a global stage, importing and exporting goods over vast distances and offering added-value services such as credit and finance.

The status of the merchant has varied during different periods of history and among different societies. In modern times, the term merchant has occasionally been used to refer to a businessperson or someone undertaking activities (commercial or industrial) for the purpose of generating profit, cash flow, sales, and revenue using a combination of human, financial, intellectual and physical capital with a view to fueling economic development and growth.

Merchants have been known for as long as humans have engaged in trade and commerce. Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome. During the European medieval period, a rapid expansion in trade and commerce led to the rise of a wealthy and powerful merchant class. The European age of discovery opened up new trading routes and gave European consumers access to a much broader range of goods. From the 1600s, goods began to travel much further distances as they found their way into geographically dispersed market-places. Following the opening of Asia to European trade and the discovery of the New World, merchants imported goods over very long distances: calico cloth from India, porcelain, silk and tea from China, spices from India and South-East Asia and tobacco, sugar, rum and coffee from the New World. By the eighteenth century, a new type of manufacturer-merchant had started to emerge and modern business practices were becoming evident.

Pronunciation examples for merchant
1. was the merchant in Merchant Ivory.
No Land's Man _ Aasif Mandvi _ Talks at Google
2. - And George Merchant? - Yes!
Hot Fuzz (2007)
3. >>Stephen Merchant: Right.
Stephen Merchant - Comedy, Radio and Career _ Talks at Google
4. >>Stephen Merchant: French Canadian
Stephen Merchant - Comedy, Radio and Career _ Talks at Google
5. >>Stephen Merchant: Amazing.
Stephen Merchant - Comedy, Radio and Career _ Talks at Google
Examples of use of merchant
1. Yahya Ibrahim Ahmed, Merchant 4 Ahmed Abaker, Merchant 5.
2. Ahmed Alrehaid, (40 yrs), a merchant from the Tama tribe, merchant, arrested on 25 April 2006 and Mr.
3. The Merchant Royal set sail in late August 1641, trailed by her sister ship, the Dover Merchant.
4. Merchant, the mobility command‘s logistics director.
5. Staff reports Merchant jailed for dud cheques worth Dh570,000Dubai – A merchant has been jailed for three years after issuing dud cheques worth Dh570,000 to a real estate company.