signet ring - meaning and definition. What is signet ring
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What (who) is signet ring - definition

Signet ring; Dry seal; Wax seal; Cocket; Counter-seal; Letter seal; Royal seal; Stamp of approval; Seal of approval; Official seal; Seal (device); Seal (heraldry); Seal (impression); Seal (symbol); Seal (authentication); Seal ring; Seal (insignia); Seal rings; National seal; Counterseal; Government seal; Ecclesiastical seal; Seal (document)
  • [[Armigerous]] signet ring bearing the arms of the Baronnet family; goldsmith: Jean-Pierre Gautheron, Paris
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  • Pendent seals on the Swiss [[Federal Charter of 1291]]
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  • [[Mesopotamia]]n limestone [[cylinder seal]] and the impression made by it&mdash;worship of [[Shamash]]
  • Golden ring, with cartouche and hieroglyphic name of [[Tutankhamun]]: 'Perfect God, Lord of the Two Lands' ('Ntr-Nfr, Neb-taui'; right to left columns)—[[Musée du Louvre]].
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  • Present-day impression of a [[Late Bronze Age]] seal
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  • 公章}}) (red colour) for organizations in China
  • Professional engineer's seal (in fact a [[rubber stamp]]) in the Province of [[Saskatchewan]], Canada
  • Moulins]] (France)
  • Town seal (matrix) of [[Náchod]] (now in the [[Czech Republic]]) from 1570
  • San Zeno]], [[Verona]] (1073)
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  • Hand-folded letter sealed with wax and stamped with capital letter "A". If a letter is folded and sealed correctly, a wax seal can eliminate the need for an envelope as demonstrated in the above picture.
  • p=Xú Yǒngyù yìn}}, rotating character seal of Xú Yǒngyù

signet ring         
(signet rings)
A signet ring is a ring which has a flat oval or circular section at the front with a pattern or letters carved into it.
signet ring         
¦ noun a ring with a seal set into it.
Shakespeare's signet ring         
  • Holy Trinity Church]], Stratford
  • Illustrations Wheler provided (numbered 3, 4 and 5) to accompany his published letter of September 10, 1810: the seal ring found in Stratford-upon-Avon, an impression of the seal in wax, and a signet design of the letters "T" and "L" (for [[Thomas Lucy]])
  • Drawing of the ring, 1884
  • Wax impression, 1917
Draft:Shakespeare's signet ring; Robert Wheler; Shakespeare's seal ring
The purported Shakespeare's signet ring or seal ring, is a gold signet ring with the initials WS. It was found in Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom, in 1810 and may have belonged to William Shakespeare.


Seal (emblem)

A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made. The original purpose was to authenticate a document, or to prevent interference with a package or envelope by applying a seal which had to be broken to open the container (hence the modern English verb "to seal", which implies secure closing without an actual wax seal).

The seal-making device is also referred to as the seal matrix or die; the imprint it creates as the seal impression (or, more rarely, the sealing). If the impression is made purely as a relief resulting from the greater pressure on the paper where the high parts of the matrix touch, the seal is known as a dry seal; in other cases ink or another liquid or liquefied medium is used, in another color than the paper.

In most traditional forms of dry seal the design on the seal matrix is in intaglio (cut below the flat surface) and therefore the design on the impressions made is in relief (raised above the surface). The design on the impression will reverse (be a mirror-image of) that of the matrix, which is especially important when script is included in the design, as it very often is. This will not be the case if paper is embossed from behind, where the matrix and impression read the same way, and both matrix and impression are in relief. However engraved gems were often carved in relief, called cameo in this context, giving a "counter-relief" or intaglio impression when used as seals. The process is essentially that of a mould.

Most seals have always given a single impression on an essentially flat surface, but in medieval Europe two-sided seals with two matrices were often used by institutions or rulers (such as towns, bishops and kings) to make two-sided or fully three-dimensional impressions in wax, with a "tag", a piece of ribbon or strip of parchment, running through them. These "pendent" seal impressions dangled below the documents they authenticated, to which the attachment tag was sewn or otherwise attached (single-sided seals were treated in the same way).

Some jurisdictions consider rubber stamps or specified signature-accompanying words such as "seal" or "L.S." (abbreviation of locus sigilli, "place of the seal") to be the legal equivalent of, i.e., an equally effective substitute for, a seal.

In the United States, the word "seal" is sometimes assigned to a facsimile of the seal design (in monochrome or color), which may be used in a variety of contexts including architectural settings, on flags, or on official letterheads. Thus, for example, the Great Seal of the United States, among other uses, appears on the reverse of the one-dollar bill; and several of the seals of the U.S. states appear on their respective state flags. In Europe, although coats of arms and heraldic badges may well feature in such contexts as well as on seals, the seal design in its entirety rarely appears as a graphical emblem and is used mainly as originally intended: as an impression on documents.

The study of seals is known as sigillography or sphragistics.

Examples of use of signet ring
1. Experts spent six months studying the signet ring, which weighs some 20 grams, amid fears that it was a fake.
2. There was a cut which may have been caused by the signet ring Emerson–Thomas was wearing." PC Bartlett was taken to hospital for eight stitches to an inch–long wound above his eye.
3. A day of claim and counter–claim at the inquest into the deaths of the Princess and Dodi Fayed centred on Diana‘s so–called Crown Jewels – the contents of a box said to include letters from Prince Philip, divorce papers, "rape tapes" involving allegations of a homosexual assault and James Hewitt‘s signet ring.
4. All material relevant to the ‘Crown Jewels‘ – letters from Prince Philip to Diana found in a mahogany box, which also contained a signet ring from James Hewitt and a so–called ‘rape tape‘ on which the Princess recorded explosive allegations by former royal servant George Smith that he was raped by a royal aide.
5. When she lived with Osborne in Edenbridge, he could get so enraged at her that he took the precaution of removing his big signet ring in case he hit her. (He never did.) He sniped at her publicly, calling her "insolently smug", "devotedly suburban", "a very cold creature". He dropped her from his Who‘s Who biography as if she didn‘t exist.