James Madison - translation to french
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James Madison - translation to french

AMERICAN POLITICIAN
President Madison; Madison, James; James madison; Father of the Constitution; 4th President of the United States; President James Madison; James Madison, Jr.; Fourth President of the United States; James Madison, Jun.; Nelly Conway Madison; Death of James Madison; James Madison Jr.; James Madison's slaves; James Madison Jr; Fourth president of the United States; 4th president of the United States; 4th President of America; 4th President of USA; 4th President of the US; 4th President of the USA; 4th President of the United States of America; 4th U.S. President; 4th U.S.A. President; 4th US President; 4th USA President; POTUS 4; POTUS4
  • alt=Madison as a young man at Princeton.
  • alt=Military action in New Orleans under Madison.
  • alt=British action against Madison in 1814.
  • alt=Image of handwritten copy of the Constitution.
  • alt=Election maps by state for election of 1808.
  • alt=Supportive image of signing of the Constitution with various signers.
  • alt=Stuart portrait of Madison in 1821.
  • alt=Madison portrait as a young man.
  • alt=Madison engraving circa 1809.
  • alt=Portrait of Madison by Gilbert Stuart.
  • alt=Madison portrait in advanced age.
  • alt=Map of Louisiana Purchase under Jefferson as supported by Madison.
  • Virginia historic marker for Birthplace of President James Madison in Port Conway, Virginia
  • alt=Image of Jefferson who was a close friend and confidant of Madison.
  • alt=Tippecanoe and Native American Policy under Madison.
  • alt=Naval warfare of USS Constitution in battle.

James Madison         
James Madison (1751-1836), American statesman, participant in the Constitutional Convention (1787), 4th president of the United States (1809-1817)
Harrisonburg         
Harrisonburg, city in Virginia (USA), where James Madison University is located; name of several cities in the United States
Madison         
Madison, family name; male first name; capital of Wisconsin (USA); river in southwest Montana (USA); James Madison (1751-1836), 4th president of the United States; name of a number of cities in the United States

Definition

Madison
['mad?s(?)n]
¦ noun an energetic group dance popular in the 1960s.
Origin
of unknown origin.

Wikipedia

James Madison

James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman, diplomat, and Founding Father. He served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. Madison is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights.

Madison was born into a prominent slave-owning planter family in Virginia. He served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War. Unsatisfied with the weak national government established by the Articles of Confederation, he helped organize the Constitutional Convention, which produced a new constitution designed to strengthen republican government against democratic assembly. Madison's Virginia Plan was the basis for the Convention's deliberations, and he was an influential voice at the convention. He became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify the Constitution, and joined Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in writing The Federalist Papers, a series of pro-ratification essays which remains prominent among works of political science in American history. Madison emerged as an important leader in the House of Representatives and was a close adviser to President George Washington.

During the early 1790s, Madison opposed the economic program and the accompanying centralization of power favored by Secretary of the Treasury Hamilton. Alongside Thomas Jefferson, he organized the Democratic–Republican Party in opposition to Hamilton's Federalist Party. After Jefferson was elected president in 1800, Madison served as his Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809 and supported Jefferson in the case of Marbury v. Madison. While Madison was Secretary of State, Jefferson made the Louisiana Purchase, and later, as President, Madison oversaw related disputes in the Northwest territories.

Madison was elected president in 1808. Motivated by the desire for acquiring land held by Britain, Spain, and Native Americans, and after diplomatic protests with a trade embargo failed to end British seizures of American shipped goods, he led the United States into the War of 1812. Although the war ended inconclusively, many Americans viewed the war's outcome as a successful "second war of independence" against Britain. Madison was re-elected in 1812, albeit by a smaller margin. The war convinced Madison of the necessity of a stronger federal government. He presided over the creation of the Second Bank of the United States and the enactment of the protective Tariff of 1816. By treaty or through war, Native American tribes ceded 26,000,000 acres (11,000,000 ha) of land to the United States under Madison's presidency.

Retiring from public office at the end of his presidency in 1817, Madison returned to his plantation, Montpelier, and died there in 1836. During his lifetime, Madison was a slave owner. In 1783, at the height of Revolutionary politics, Madison freed one of his slaves. However, Madison did not free any slaves in his will. Among historians, Madison is considered one of the most important Founding Fathers of the United States. Leading historians have generally ranked him as an above-average president, although they are critical of his endorsement of slavery and his leadership during the War of 1812. Madison's name is commemorated in many landmarks across the nation, both publicly and privately, with prominent examples including Madison Square Garden, James Madison University, and the USS James Madison.

Pronunciation examples for James Madison
1. James Madison wrote,
ted-talks_2730_JonathanMarks_2017X-320k
2. The first is James Madison.
Indispensable - When Talks Really Matter _ Gautam Mukunda _ Talks at Google
3. James Madison was riding high.
ted-talks_2819_NoahFeldman_2017-320k
4. principles-- those points of James Madison
The Citizen's Share - Putting Ownership Back into Democracy _ Joseph Blasi _ Talks at Google
5. James Madison, when you wrote to Congress
Black Poems _ Clint Smith _ Talks at Google
Examples of use of James Madison
1. Et James Madison, leur complice, écrivait, pour justifier le projet, que «ces nouvelles améliorations faciliteront les relations ŕ travers l‘Union.
2. Peter Pham, professeur ŕ la James Madison University (Virginie, Etats–Unis), qui se présente comme un conseiller de Washington sur l‘Afrique. «Américains et Britanniques consid';rent que Kagame et Museveni [le président ougandais] font partie d‘une nouvelle génération de dirigeants africains, aptes ŕ développer économiquement leur pays.
3. James Madison entendait «élever des barri';res contre le pouvoir dans toutes ses formes et dans tous les compartiments du gouvernement». En France, la Déclaration des droits de l‘homme et du citoyen de 178' poursuivait un but opposé: donner une existence au pouvoir du peuple face ŕ la monarchie, dont l‘emprise symbolique restait puissante, et s‘approprier ainsi la légitimité de mettre ŕ bas l‘édifice hiérarchique des ordres, des corps et des privil';ges.
4. Par exemple, un des p';res fondateurs de la Constitution américaine, James Madison, écrit dans un passage fameux des Federalist Papers (n°10): «Aussi petite que soit la République, le nombre de ses représentants doit ętre assez élevé pour empęcher la cabale d‘une coterie; et aussi grande soit–elle, il doit ętre divisé par un facteur tel qu‘il prévienne contre la confusion propre ŕ la multitude.» (traduction LT) [...] L‘exc';s de représentants est corrélé avec plus de réglementation économique, plus d‘ingérence de la puissance publique dans le fonctionnement des marchés, et plus de corruption.