Qumran - translation to English
Online Dictionary

Qumran - translation to English

Kumran; Khirbet Qumran; Qumran community; Qumrun; Wadi Qumran; Qumran National Park; Qumran Wadi; Qumran-Essene hypothesis; Qumran-Essene theory; Qumranic
  • Qumran and the surrounding area in a 1942 [[Survey of Palestine]] map
  • Dead Sea Scroll – part of Isaiah Scroll (Isa 57:17 – 59:9), 1QIsa<sup>b</sup>
  • Location of Qumran and other nearby sites
  • A first view of Qumran.
  • Across the plateau to the settlement.
  • Looking west over the water system toward the cliffs.
  • A stepped cistern. (L56/58)
  • Classic view of Cave 4.
  • Rooms on the western side of the main building at Qumran.
  • [[Qumran Caves]]
  • The Locus 71 pool.
  • The so-called "scriptorium". (L30)
  • The room with the 1000 ceramic items. (L86/89)
  • Caves of Qumran
  • Chart of various proposed chronologies of Qumran.<ref>From Cargill, Robert R., ''Qumran through (Real) Time: A Virtual Reconstruction of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls'', Bible in Technology 1, (Piscataway, New Jersey: [[Gorgias Press]], 2009), Plate 10.1.  Used with permission – author upload.</ref>
  • The area between the two buildings.
  • The broken cistern. (L48/49)
  • Long room to the south of the main building. (L77)

Qumeran Caves, caves near the Dead Sea in Israel (place where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 1947)



Qumran (Hebrew: קומראן; Arabic: خربة قمران Khirbet Qumran) is an archaeological site in the West Bank managed by Israel's Qumran National Park. It is located on a dry marl plateau about 1.5 km (1 mi) from the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, near the Israeli settlement and kibbutz of Kalya.

The Hellenistic period settlement was constructed during the reign of Hasmonean leader John Hyrcanus (134–104 BCE) or somewhat later. Qumran was inhabited by a Jewish community of the late Second Temple period, which most scholars identify with the mystic sect of the Essenes; however, other groups were also suggested. It was occupied most of the time until 68 CE and was destroyed by the Romans during the First Jewish-Roman War, possibly as late as 73 CE. It was later used by Jewish rebels during the Bar Kokhba Revolt. Today, the Qumran site is best known as the settlement nearest to the Qumran Caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were hidden, caves in the sheer desert cliffs and beneath, in the marl terrace. The principal excavations at Qumran were conducted by Roland de Vaux in the 1950s, and several later digs have been carried out.

Since the 1967 Six Day War, Qumran has been managed by the Israel Nature and Parks Authority.