Ralph David Abernathy - translation to french
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Ralph David Abernathy - translation to french

AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT LEADER (1926-1990)
Abernathy, Ralph; Ralph David Abernathy; Abernathy, Ralph David; Rev. Ralph David Abernathy; Ralph David Abernathy, III; Ralph D. Abernathy
  • Abernathy and his wife [[Juanita Abernathy]] with Dr. Martin Luther King and his wife [[Coretta Scott King]] 

The Abernathy children are shown in the front line, leading the [[Selma to Montgomery March]] in 1965
  • Montgomery]]

Ralph David Abernathy      
Ralph David Abernathy (1926-1990), American clergyman and civil rights activist who founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

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Ralph Abernathy

Ralph David Abernathy Sr. (March 11, 1926 – April 17, 1990) was an American civil rights activist and Baptist minister. He was ordained in the Baptist tradition in 1948. As a leader of the civil rights movement, he was a close friend and mentor of Martin Luther King Jr. He collaborated with King and E. D. Nixon to create the Montgomery Improvement Association, which led to the Montgomery bus boycott, and co-created and was an executive board member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). He became president of the SCLC following the assassination of King in 1968; he led the Poor People's Campaign in Washington, D.C., as well as other marches and demonstrations for disenfranchised Americans. He also served as an advisory committee member of the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE).

In 1971, Abernathy addressed the United Nations speaking about world peace. He also assisted in brokering a deal between the FBI and American Indian Movement protestors during the Wounded Knee incident of 1973. He retired from his position as president of the SCLC in 1977 and became president emeritus. Later that year he unsuccessfully ran for the U.S. House of Representatives for the 5th district of Georgia. He later founded the Foundation for Economic Enterprises Development, and he testified before the U.S. Congress in support of extending the Voting Rights Act in 1982.

In 1989, Abernathy wrote And the Walls Came Tumbling Down, a controversial autobiography about his and King's involvement in the civil rights movement. He was ridiculed for statements in the book about King's alleged marital infidelities. Abernathy eventually became less active in politics and returned to his work as a minister. He died of heart disease on April 17, 1990. His tombstone is engraved with the words "I tried".