Jerusalem - translation to german
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Jerusalem - translation to german

CITY IN WESTERN ASIA, CLAIMED BY BOTH ISRAEL AND THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY AS ITS CAPITAL
Modern Jerusalem; Jerusalem, Israel; Yerushalayim; Al Quds; El-Quds; El Quds; El Kuds; El-Kuds; Al-Kuds; Al Kuds; Quds; Yerushaláyim; Hierosolyma; Hierousalem; Alquds; Jeruzalem; Jorsal; Ur Shalim; Jeruselum; Yerushalaim; Jerusalam; Jerusulam; Jerusulem; Jeruslam; Jeruslem; Al-Quds; J'lem; Jerusalem University; Jerusalem, Palestine; Baitul Maqdis; Capital of Israel; Jeruselem; יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس; Ierusalem; Ιερουσαλήμ; Bait-ul-Moqaddas; Ir Ha-Kodesh; Kudüs; ירושלים; Jersalem; Neighbourhoods of Jerusalem; י-ם; Bayt al-Muqaddas; Ir Hakodesh; Ursalim; Yerusalem; Yeru-Shalayim; Al-Quds al-Sharif; Beit al-Quds; Jersualem; Beit al-Maqdis; القدس; Holy City of Jerusalem; Bait al-Maqdis; Bait-ul-Maqdis; Bayt al-Maqdis; Beit al-Muqaddas; Urusalima; Baitulmuqaddis; Dschebel el-kuds; Hierosoluma; JERUSALEM; J’lem; Sports in Jerusalem; Universities in Jerusalem; Economy of Jerusalem; Al‑Quds; Education in Jerusalem
  • Medieval illustration of capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade, 1099.
  • 1455 painting of the Holy Land. Jerusalem is viewed from the west; the octagonal [[Dome of the Rock]] stands left of the [[Al-Aqsa Mosque]], shown as a church, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre stands on the left side of the picture.
  • The [[Shrine of the Book]], housing the [[Dead Sea Scrolls]], at the [[Israel Museum]]
  • Demographic history of Jerusalem by religion based on available data
  • Hand in Hand]], a bilingual Jewish-Arab school in Jerusalem
  • Map of [[East Jerusalem]] (2010)
  • William McLean's]] 1918 plan was the first urban planning scheme for Jerusalem. It laid the foundations for what became [[West Jerusalem]] and East Jerusalem.<ref>Elisha Efrat and Allen G. Noble, [https://www.jstor.org/stable/215090 Planning Jerusalem], Geographical Review, Vol. 78, No. 4 (Oct., 1988), pp. 387-404: "Modern planning began only after the British conquest of Palestine in World War I… In 1918 an engineer from Alexandria, William McLean, was commissioned to draft the first city plan… These provisions… caused the city to develop mainly to the west and southwest because of the restrictions on construction in the Old City and its immediate environs and the desire to retain the eastern skyline… McLean wanted Jerusalem to expand to the north, west, and south, with little development to the east because of climatic and topographical limitations. Thus almost from the onset of British colonial rule, development was encouraged in a generally westward direction, and this bias ultimately produced the initial contrasts that distinguished the eastern and western sectors of the city. McLean also adopted the principle of urban dispersal, and he proposed two main axes, one to the northwest and the other to the southwest of the Old City. His guidelines were repeated in most of the subsequent city plans."</ref>
  • Reverse]]: "Jerusalem the Holy", in the [[Paleo-Hebrew alphabet]]
  • [[Hebron Yeshiva]] in [[Givat Mordechai]] neighbourhood
  • [[Har Hotzvim]] high-tech park
  • Israeli Foreign Ministry]] building
  • [[Supreme Court of Israel]]
  • url-status=live }}</ref>
  • [[Pais Arena]]
  • 1844 [[daguerreotype]] by [[Joseph-Philibert Girault de Prangey]] (the earliest photograph of the city)
  • [[Jerusalem Chords Bridge]]
  • [[Holyland Model of Jerusalem]], depicting the city during the late [[Second Temple period]]. First created in 1966, it is continuously updated according to advancing archaeological knowledge.
  • [[Jerusalem Biblical Zoo]]
  • [[Sheikh Jarrah]], a predominantly Arab neighbourhood on the road to [[Mount Scopus]]
  • The [[Knesset]] houses the [[legislature]] of Israel
  • depiction of Jerusalem]].
  • The new building of the [[National Library of Israel]]
  • Jerusalem mural depicting the Cardo during the Byzantine period
  • [[Orient House]] in East Jerusalem that served as the headquarters of the [[PLO]] in the 1980s and 1990s. It was closed by Israel in 2001, two days after the [[Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing]].
  • [[Bank of Israel]]
  • ''The Siege and Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans'' (David Roberts, 1850)
  • The [[Siloam Inscription]], written in [[Biblical Hebrew]], commemorates the construction of the [[Siloam tunnel]] (c. 700 BCE)
  • Israeli stamp from 1968, quoting<Br/>[[Psalm 122]]:6;<br/>''Pray for the peace of Jerusalem...''
  • [[Teddy Stadium]], [[Malha]]
  • VE Day]], 8 May 1945
  • Snow visible on roofs in the Old City of Jerusalem

Jerusalem         
Jerusalem, capital city of Israel, holy city to many religions
capital of Israel         
die Hauptstadt Israels (Jerusalem)
East Jerusalem         
PART OF THE WEST BANK, UNDER ISRAELI OCCUPATION SINCE 1967
East-Jerusalem; Eastern Jerusalem; East Jerusalemites; East Jerusalemite; Occupied East Jerusalem; E. Jerusalem; E Jerusalem; History of East Jerusalem; Arab Jerusalem; East al-Quds; القدس الشرقية; מזרח ירושלים; Al-Quds al-Shareef; East Jerusalem, Palestine; Healthcare in East Jerusalem; Demographics of East Jerusalem; Economy of East Jerusalem
Ost-Jerusalem

Definition

Jerusalem
·noun The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus Christ.

Wikipedia

Jerusalem

Jerusalem (; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushaláyim; Arabic: القُدس Al‑Quds) is a city in Western Asia. Situated on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, it is one of the oldest cities in the world and is considered to be a holy city for the three major Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israelis and Palestinians claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power. Because of this dispute, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.

Throughout its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed at least twice, besieged 23 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, and attacked 52 times. The part of Jerusalem called the City of David shows first signs of settlement in the 4th millennium BCE, in the shape of encampments of nomadic shepherds. During the Canaanite period (14th century BCE), Jerusalem was named as Urusalim on ancient Egyptian tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem" after a Canaanite deity. During the Israelite period, significant construction activity in Jerusalem began in the 9th century BCE (Iron Age II), and by the 8th century BCE, the city had developed into the religious and administrative centre of the Kingdom of Judah. In 1538, the city walls were rebuilt for a last time around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire. Today those walls define the Old City, which has been traditionally divided into four quarters – known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim quarters. The Old City became a World Heritage Site in 1981, and is on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Since 1860, Jerusalem has grown far beyond the Old City's boundaries. In 2022, Jerusalem had a population of some 971,800 residents, of which almost 60% were Jews and almost 40% Palestinians. In 2020, the population was 951,100, of which Jews comprised 570,100 (59.9%), Muslims 353,800 (37.2%), Christians 16,300 (1.7%), and 10,800 unclassified (1.1%).

According to the Hebrew Bible, King David conquered the city from the Jebusites and established it as the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel, and his son, King Solomon, commissioned the building of the First Temple. Modern scholars argue that Jews branched out of the Canaanite peoples and culture through the development of a distinct monolatrous—and later monotheistic—religion centred on El/Yahweh. These foundational events, straddling the dawn of the 1st millennium BCE, assumed central symbolic importance for the Jewish people. The sobriquet of holy city (Hebrew: עיר הקודש, romanized: 'Ir ha-Qodesh) was probably attached to Jerusalem in post-exilic times. The holiness of Jerusalem in Christianity, conserved in the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, which Christians adopted as their own "Old Testament", was reinforced by the New Testament account of Jesus's crucifixion and resurrection there. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. The city was the first qibla, the standard direction for Muslim prayers (salah), and in Islamic tradition, Muhammad made his Night Journey there in 621, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran. As a result, despite having an area of only 0.9 km2 (38 sq mi), the Old City is home to many sites of seminal religious importance, among them the Temple Mount with its Western Wall, Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, West Jerusalem was among the areas captured and later annexed by Israel while East Jerusalem, including the Old City, was captured and later annexed by Jordan. Israel captured East Jerusalem from Jordan during the 1967 Six-Day War and subsequently effectively annexed it into Jerusalem, together with additional surrounding territory. One of Israel's Basic Laws, the 1980 Jerusalem Law, refers to Jerusalem as the country's undivided capital. All branches of the Israeli government are located in Jerusalem, including the Knesset (Israel's parliament), the residences of the Prime Minister (Beit Aghion) and President (Beit HaNassi), and the Supreme Court. The international community rejects the annexation as illegal and regards East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel.

Pronunciation examples for Jerusalem
1. Jerusalem.
Tetraktys _ Ari Juels _ Talks at Google
2. in Jerusalem.
_ Molly Knight Raskin _ Talks at Google
3. to Jerusalem.
BEAT - The True Story of a Suicide Bomb and a Heart _ Rowan Somerville _ Talks at Google
4. Jerusalem Cylinders."
Garden and Glass _ Dale and Leslie Chihuly _ Talks at Google
5. These archives in Jerusalem,
ted-talks_1423_TarynSimon_2011S-320k
Examples of use of Jerusalem
1. Rosman arbeitet für eine Reiseagentur in West–Jerusalem, Abu Aziz betreibt ein Reisebüro in Ost–Jerusalem.
2. Jerusalem (dpa) – Der EU–Außenbeauftragte Javier Solana hat in Jerusalem die israelische Außenministerin Zipi Liwni getroffen.
3. Von Jörg Bremer, Jerusalem Altstadt von Jerusalem: nebeneinander statt miteinander 05.
4. Attentäter tötet in Jerusalem Israeli mit Messer Jerusalem (dpa) – Ein vermutlich palästinensischer Attentäter hat am Abend in Jerusalem einen Israeli getötet und einen weiteren mit einem Messer verletzt.
5. In Jerusalem demonstrierten rechtsgerichtete Israelis.