atherosclerosis$5646$ - traducción al español
Diccionario en línea

atherosclerosis$5646$ - traducción al español

Hardening of the arteries; Atheromae; Atheromas; Atherogenesis; Atherosclerotic; Macroangiopathy; Arteriosclerotic; Diet, atherogenic; Intracranial arteriosclerosis; Coronary Arteriosclerosis; Atheromatous disease; Arterosclerosis; Atherogenic; Atherosclerotic plaques; Atherisclerosis; Atherosclosis; Arterial sclerosis; Atherosclerotic vascular disease; Hemorheologic-hemodynamic theory of atherosclerosis; Hemorheologic-Hemodynamic Theory of Atherosclerosis; Coronary atherosclerosis; Intracranial stenosis; Coronary sclerosis; Clogged arteries; Coronary arteriosclerosis; Homogenized Milk and Atherosclerosis; Unstable plaque; Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease; Risk factors for atherosclerosis; Prevention of atherosclerosis; Causes of atherosclerosis; Clogging of arteries; Athero sclerosis
  • Severe atherosclerosis of the [[aorta]]. [[Autopsy]] specimen.
  • Atherosclerosis and lipoproteins
  •  [[CT image]] of atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta. Woman of 70 years old with hypertension and dyslipidemia.
  • Microphotography of arterial wall with calcified (violet color) atherosclerotic plaque ([[hematoxylin]] and [[eosin]] stain)
  • Progression of atherosclerosis to late complications.
  • luminal]] narrowing. Tissue has been stained using [[Masson's trichrome]].
  • Doppler ultrasound of right internal carotid artery with calcified and non-calcified plaques showing less than 70% stenosis

n. arteriosclerosis, oclusión de las arterias
(n.) = ateroesclerosis, aterosclerosis
Ex: Traditional herbal medicine is widely used in the treatment of atherosclerosis, cancer metastasis, and infection by the influenza virus .
(adj.) = arterioesclerótico, arteriosclerótico
Ex: The study was aimed at establishing the clinical features of the psychoses of senescence (senile, presenile, and cerebral arteriosclerotic dementias) in 155 mentally retarded patients.


¦ adjective Physiology tending to promote the formation of fatty plaques in the arteries.
atherogenesis noun
1950s: from atheroma + -genic.



Atherosclerosis is a pattern of the disease arteriosclerosis in which the wall of the artery develops abnormalities, called lesions. These lesions may lead to narrowing due to the buildup of atheromatous plaque. At onset there are usually no symptoms, but if they develop, symptoms generally begin around middle age. When severe, it can result in coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, or kidney problems, depending on which arteries are affected.

The exact cause is not known and is proposed to be multifactorial. Risk factors include abnormal cholesterol levels, elevated levels of inflammatory markers, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, obesity, family history, genetic, and an unhealthy diet. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. The narrowing of arteries limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to parts of the body. Diagnosis is based upon a physical exam, electrocardiogram, and exercise stress test, among others.

Prevention is generally by eating a healthy diet, exercising, not smoking, and maintaining a normal weight. Treatment of established disease may include medications to lower cholesterol such as statins, blood pressure medication, or medications that decrease clotting, such as aspirin. A number of procedures may also be carried out such as percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass graft, or carotid endarterectomy.

Atherosclerosis generally starts when a person is young and worsens with age. Almost all people are affected to some degree by the age of 65. It is the number one cause of death and disability in the developed world. Though it was first described in 1575, there is evidence that the condition occurred in people more than 5,000 years ago.