bimeasurable transformation - перевод на русский
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bimeasurable transformation - перевод на русский

PLANNED GENETIC ALTERATION OF A CELL BY UPTAKE OF GENETIC MATERIAL FROM THE ENVIRONMENT
DNA transfer; Bacterial transformation; Transformation, bacterial; Genetic transformation; Cell transformation, viral; Cell transformation, neoplastic; Transformation, genetic; Transformation (bacteria); Cellular transformation; Yeast transformation; Genetic transformation of plants
  • Schematic of bacterial transformation – for which artificial competence must first be induced.
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bimeasurable transformation      

математика

биизмеримое преобразование

continuous transformation         
  •  Original image (based on the map of France)
  •  [[Isometry]]
  • Similarity]]
  •  [[Affine transformation]]
  •  [[Projective transformation]]
  • Inversion]]
  •  [[Conformal transformation]]
  • Equiareal transformation]]
  •  [[Homeomorphism]]
  •  [[Diffeomorphism]]
BIJECTION OF A SET HAVING SOME GEOMETRIC STRUCTURE TO ITSELF OR ANOTHER SUCH SET
Discrete transformation; Continuous transformation; Transformation (combinatorics); Transformation (geometry); Geometrical transformation; Partial transformation; Geometric transformations

математика

непрерывное преобразование

discrete transformation         
  •  Original image (based on the map of France)
  •  [[Isometry]]
  • Similarity]]
  •  [[Affine transformation]]
  •  [[Projective transformation]]
  • Inversion]]
  •  [[Conformal transformation]]
  • Equiareal transformation]]
  •  [[Homeomorphism]]
  •  [[Diffeomorphism]]
BIJECTION OF A SET HAVING SOME GEOMETRIC STRUCTURE TO ITSELF OR ANOTHER SUCH SET
Discrete transformation; Continuous transformation; Transformation (combinatorics); Transformation (geometry); Geometrical transformation; Partial transformation; Geometric transformations

математика

дискретное преобразование

Определение

трансформация
ТРАНСФОРМ'АЦИЯ, трансформации, ·жен. (·лат. transformatio).
1. Перемена вида, формы чего-нибудь, преобразование, превращение (·книж. ).
2. только ед. Преобразование переменного тока при помощи трансформатора (см. трансформатор
во 2 ·знач.; физ., тех.).
3. только ед. Искусство трансформатора (см. трансформатор
в 3 ·знач.; театр.). Приемы трансформации.

Википедия

Transformation (genetics)

In molecular biology and genetics, transformation is the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct uptake and incorporation of exogenous genetic material from its surroundings through the cell membrane(s). For transformation to take place, the recipient bacterium must be in a state of competence, which might occur in nature as a time-limited response to environmental conditions such as starvation and cell density, and may also be induced in a laboratory.

Transformation is one of three processes that lead to horizontal gene transfer, in which exogenous genetic material passes from one bacterium to another, the other two being conjugation (transfer of genetic material between two bacterial cells in direct contact) and transduction (injection of foreign DNA by a bacteriophage virus into the host bacterium). In transformation, the genetic material passes through the intervening medium, and uptake is completely dependent on the recipient bacterium.

As of 2014 about 80 species of bacteria were known to be capable of transformation, about evenly divided between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; the number might be an overestimate since several of the reports are supported by single papers.

"Transformation" may also be used to describe the insertion of new genetic material into nonbacterial cells, including animal and plant cells; however, because "transformation" has a special meaning in relation to animal cells, indicating progression to a cancerous state, the process is usually called "transfection".